Periodontal (Gum) Care

Periodontal Care

Gum disease is an issue affecting many Americans as early as 30 years of age. The main reason for such caution with this disease is the lack of pain that comes with the condition causing little to no recognition without dental exams. Typically, by the time that one notices a change or pain, the disease has progressed and can cause serious problems. Genetics can play some role in the development but doctors have determined that the main issue with this gum disease is correlative with the care of one’s teeth and gums.

How does gum disease progress?

Periodontal disease is a gradual infection of the gums and supporting bone. There is a build up of plaque on the teeth causing calcification resulting in tartar. The tartar is covered with toxin-releasing micro-organisms that cause gingivitis which is the first stage of gum disease. When this stage sets in, one may experience swelling, inflammation and bleeding of the gums.

Once the disease progresses, the bone can resorb or dissolve. The teeth will then begin to move and with more bone loss comes tooth loss.

Preventative Care:

Proper dental hygiene is the best way to prevent this disease. Early detection by a dentist is an important factor in being proactive in prevention as well. Use the following steps as a baseline prevention method:

1. Brush your teeth twice per day to remove layers of bacteria and toxins in your mouth.

2. Floss regularly to keep your mouth free of lingering food and bacteria.

3. Using a mouth rinse, either over-the-counter or prescription, reduces bacteria in your mouth and saliva.

4. Follow a balanced diet.

5. Schedule regular dental appointments

Arestin Therapy:

This therapy halts the progression of periodontal disease. This therapy needs to be used simultaneously with scaling and deep cleaning.

ArestinTM is a locally delivered antimicrobial agent consisting of minocycline HCL microspheres. It is used in pockets with a significant depth. This can be implemented over several visits and in multiple pockets. It is dispensed into the pockets as a powder and will harden after dispensed into the pockets. Over the next several days, it will release Minocycline and ultimately reduce the number of bacteria in the pocket.

What are the benefits?

- Studies have shown a significant reduction in the depth of treated pockets when this therapy is used in conjunction with scaling and root planning.

- Arestin therapy has shown to be effective in treating resistant sites not responsive to cleaning alone. This is common in smokers, people with diabetes, and people with cardiovascular disease.

- Arestin is very easy to use and is safe and effective. 

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